Organ transplant is a treatment that involves the surgical removal of a healthy organ and transplanting it into the recipient?s body to replace a damaged or failed organ. It is a lifesaving procedure that gives the recipient a new lease on life.
Before an organ transplant procedure, the organ of the donor has to be matched with that of the recipient based upon several characteristics, including size of the organ and blood type.
Organ transplantation is, however, associated with certain risks such as the possibility of organ rejection. When the immune system of the recipient?s body attacks the new organ, it leads to various complications and organ rejection. If you undergo an organ transplantation procedure, you must take drugs and prescribed medications for the rest of your life.
The types of transplants available include heart transplant, kidney transplant, lung transplant, pediatric transplant, pancreas transplant, cell transplant, intestinal transplant and bone marrow transplant. A recipient has to undergo several tests and wait a long time before getting the transplant.
A heart transplant replaces a diseased or damaged heart with a healthy one. Persons with a heart failure often opt for a heart transplant. In a kidney transplant, the failed kidney is removed and a donor?s kidney is placed inside the recipient?s body and connected with veins and arteries.
Lung transplants are done in people who are likely to die within 1-2 years. The procedure involves removing the diseased lung and replacing the same with a healthy lung from a deceased person.
A bone marrow transplant is most common that involves transplanting a healthy bone marrow taken from the donor?s body and transplanting it into the recipient?s body. Intestinal transplant, on the other hand, is the surgical replacement of the small bowel for acute or chronic cases of intestinal failure.
No matter, whichever transplant procedure you go through, your body has to adapt to the new organ to ensure proper functioning.
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