Oncology is the study of medicine that involves diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cancer. The specialist who practices oncology is called an ‘’Oncologist’’.
The human body is composed of trillions of cells that regulate production of energy from absorption of nutrients and carry out essential functions for the reproduction, maturity and growth of the body and brain. Cancer starts when cells in the body start to function abnormally. There are various categories of cancer that begin when cells grow out of control.
The symptoms of cancer are determined by the type and site of the disease. There are several types of cancer, namely breast cancer, thyroid cancer, lung cancer, endometrial cancer, stomach cancer, ovary cancer, head and neck cancer, colon and rectum cancer, cervix cancer, liver cancer, bladder cancer, kidney cancer, blood cancer, brain cancer, etc.
The treatment of cancer is determined by the stage of the disease. Based upon the grade or stage of cancer, oncologists plan the type of cancer treatment that generally involves radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgery and other modalities. Apart from an oncologist, there are other specialists involved for the treatment of cancer that include radiation oncologist, surgeon, radiotherapist, pathologist, and other organ specific oncologists.
Some cancer patients require only one treatment, depending upon the stage of the disease, while many people have to undergo through a combination of treatments like radiation, chemotherapy, surgery, among others.
Chemotherapy treatment of cancer involves the use of chemical substances and drugs. Radiation therapy, on the other hand, uses high-energy waves like electron beams, X-rays, photons and gamma rays to damage or destroy the abnormal cells. In some cases, surgery is inevitable to help remove the malignant tumours and the surrounding tissues.
A team of specialists is involved for treatment of cancer patients. Extensive researches, trials, screenings, tests are required to understand the type, stage and extensiveness of the disease to ensure proper treatment.
Acute Leukemia is treated with Allogenic stem cell transplant that involves the administration of chemotherapy with radiation therapy, and an infusion of a donor’s stem cell that helps in the formation of normal and new blood in the patient. When the patient’s bone ...FIND OUT MORE
Abdominoperineal resection is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the anus or rectum where the cancer is. It is followed by colostomy that involves connecting the lower portion of the colon to the abdominal wall to create an opening for stoma that allows passing ...FIND OUT MORE
In autologous stem cell transplant, the patient’s own blood stem cells are collected and stored. Meantime, the patient is treated with high doses of anti-cancer treatments combined with chemotherapy and sometimes with radiotherapy to destroy cancerous cells. However, ...FIND OUT MORE
Multiple Myeloma begins when malignant plasma cells start to develop. Autologous transplants for multiple myeloma are performed by removing the patient’s own stem cells from the peripheral blood or the bone marrow and storing them separately. After the patient is treated ...FIND OUT MORE
Brachytherapy treatment procedure is a kind of radiotherapy that uses sealed radiation source near the place that requires treatment. A high radiation dose is given to the tumour without harming the surrounding healthy tissues. Effective Brachytherapy treatment is used for ...FIND OUT MORE
Treatment protocols for brain cancer vary from patient to patient. Generally, brain cancer treatment depends upon the person’s general health, age of the patient, size and type of the tumour and the cancer stage. The common treatments for brain cancer are chemotherapy, ...FIND OUT MORE
The stage of breast cancer is a determining factor for the type of treatment to be used. Breast cancer treatment in the early stage can help you recover completely and live longer. However, if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body then the treatment options vary that ...FIND OUT MORE
Cervical cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus opening into the vagina. The success of cervical cancer treatment depends upon the stage of the disease. If diagnosed at an early stage, the cancer is treated with surgery, ...FIND OUT MORE
Colorectal cancer is also called rectal cancer or colon cancer that starts in the rectum and colon. The treatments of colorectal cancer treatments of colorectal cancer include local treatments like radiation therapy, surgery, ablation, and systematic treatments like ...FIND OUT MORE
Left Hemicolectomy treatment helps to treat colon cancer. The procedure of left hemicolectomy involves the removal of the left side of the colon, including lymph nodes and blood vessels from that part. The remaining portion of the colon is then attached to the top of the rectum. ...FIND OUT MORE
Open right hemicolectomy, also known as right colectomy, involves the removal of the ascending colon, the cecum, the first portion of the transverse colon, the hepatic flexure along with lymph nodes and fat. The procedure of open right hemicolectomy is a surgery performed to ...FIND OUT MORE
Lung cancer is one of the most common type of cancers compared to other types of cancers. The treatment of lung cancer depends upon several factors such as the size of the cancer, the location of the cancer, how far the cancer has spread and your overall health. The risk factors ...FIND OUT MORE
Mastectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the breast. Earlier, the whole breast was required to be removed in case of breast cancer, but now with surgical breakthroughs it is possible to conserve parts of the breast, while removing only the diseased ...FIND OUT MORE
The treatment of oral cancer is conducted by a group of specialist doctors including chemotherapy oncologists, surgeons, dental practitioners, radiation oncologists, rehabilitation specialists and nutritionists. Oral cancer treatment depends upon a number of factors like the ...FIND OUT MORE
Ovarian cancer is described as a medical condition when abnormal cells develop in the ovary. This may tend to spread or invade in other parts of the body. Ovarian cancer symptoms are not always distinct, but the signs are noticeable when the cancer advances. The symptoms ...FIND OUT MORE
Polypectomy combined with Hot Biopsy is an electrosurgery procedure used for removing polyps. The purpose of Polypecctomy with Hot Biopsy is to remove pedunculated and flat polyps, while also eliminating very small polyps. Hot Biopsy is performed as a resection technique under ...FIND OUT MORE
When abnormal cells grow in the prostrate, the male reproductive organ, it turns into prostate cancer. Prostate cancer treatments include surgery, radiation therapy, bone-directed treatment, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, cryotherapy and more. Before prostate cancer treatment, ...FIND OUT MORE
Proton therapy uses protons to treat cancer. It is a type of radiation therapy, if given in right doses can help treat cancer. Proton therapy, also known as proton beam therapy, uses beams of protons to destroy diseased tissues for the treatment of cancer. Proton therapy ...FIND OUT MORE
Skin cancer is a condition in which abnormal cells grow in the tissues under the skin. Skin cancer symptoms include discoloration of the skin, any unusual or new growth in the skin and noticeable changes in existing moles. The types of treatments for skin cancer are surgery, ...FIND OUT MORE
Stereotactic radiotherapy is used to treat functional abnormalities of the brain.The procedure of stereotactic radiotherapy throws radiation from different points around the body to kill cancerous cells in the tumours. However, a low dose of radiation reaches the surrounding ...FIND OUT MORE
The growth of abnormal group of cells in the stomach leads to stomach cancer. Also known as gastric cancer, this type of cancer generally shows signs of frequent burping, heartburn, dysphagia, feeling bloated, pain in sternum, trapped wind, vomiting, etc. The diagnosis of ...FIND OUT MORE