Gynaecology is the study of medical science that deals with the health and functions of the female reproductive system. The subject revolves around the functions, diseases, disorders and treatments related to the female vagina, ovaries and uterus.

Doctors who deal with gynaecological problems in female patients are called Gynaecologists. Some of the common gynaecological symptoms include menstrual problems like heavy periods, irregular or intermittent periods, bleeding between periods, pelvic and abdominal pain between periods, irregular discharge and burning or itching. Patients suffering from any of these gynaecological problems are often diagnosed with uterine fibroids, cervical polyps and ovarian cysts.

In precise, the common associated diseases of Gynaecology include Amennorrhoea (absence of menstruations), Dysmenorrhoea (painful periods), pre-cancerous and cancerous diseases, infertility, Menorrhagia (heavy menstruation), pelvic inflammatory disease, infections in uterus and cervix (bacterial, viral, fungal and protozoal), premenstrual syndrome and other vaginal diseases.

A wide range of treatments for Gynaecology are available, but its applications depend upon the type of symptoms and the age of patients.

Doctors use a range of Gynaecological surgical procedures for treatments. The three commonly used surgical treatments of Gynaecology are Laparoscopy, Cone biopsies and Hysterectomies.

Laparoscopy involves the diagnosis of any kind of infections and cysts in the fallopian tubes or ovary, and removing the same. Cone biopsy is removing abnormal cells from the cervix area to prevent cervical cancer. Hysterectomy, on the other hand, involves removal of the uterus.

Other Gynaecology operations include curettage and dilation (which is removal of uterine content), Oophorectomy (removal of the ovary), Tubal Ligation (permanent sterilization), Hysterescopy (inspecting uterine cavity), diagnostic laparoscopy (diagnosis and treatment of abdominal and pelvic pain), exploratory laparotomy, Appendectomy and cervical excision procedures.

Gynaecology Treatments

Abdominal Hysterectomy

Abdominal Hysterectomy involves surgical removal of the uterus. The surgical procedure is of two types, partial Hysterectomy that removes only the uterus and total Hysterectomy that eliminates the uterus and the cervix, which is the lower portion of the uterus. Vaginal ...

Hysteroscopic Myomectomy

The surgery is meant to remove fibroids from the uterine cavity without removing or disrupting any healthy tissue from the uterus. Laparoscopic Myomectomy uses small incisions on the patient’s abdomen to insert a special type of instrument for cutting and removing pieces ...

Hysteroscopic Polypectomy

When uterine polyps, kind of non-cancerous cells overgrow and form within the inner walls of the uterus, Hysteroscopic Polypectomy surgery is performed to remove the polyps. Although Hysteroscopic Polypectomy removes the uterine polyps, it can help preserve the uterus. The ...

Laparoscopic Abdominal Hysterectomy

Laparoscopic Abdominal Hysterectomy uses minimally invasive procedure to remove the uterus. A tiny camera is inserted through a small cut in the lower abdomen to help the surgeon see the internal of the patient’s abdomen on the monitor while performing the excision. The ...

Microwave Endometrial Ablation

Minimally invasive, Microwave Endometrial Ablation helps to treat Menorrhagia, a condition defined as abnormally heavy bleeding. The procedure uses electromagnetic waves to destroy and reduce the thickening of the womb to stop heavy bleeding. In precise, it can be said that ...

Vaginal Hysterectomy

Vaginal Hysterectomy surgical procedure is performed vaginally, which means the uterus is removed through the female vagina. Bariatric surgeons meticulously detach and remove the uterus from the fallopian tubes, ovaries, upper vagina and the connective tissues and blood vessels. ...