Transurethral resection of bladder tumour is done to diagnose bladder cancer and eliminate cancerous tissues from the bladder. In short, the procedure of transurethral resection of bladder tumour is called TURBT that uses spinal anaesthesia or general anaesthesia for the procedure. TURBT is considered the most effective treatment for an initial-stage bladder cancer.
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Trans Urethral resection of bladder tumour is a procedure used to diagnose bladder cancer and eliminate cancerous tissues. Also called TURBT, the procedure uses a kind of tool called cystoscope that is passed into the bladder through the urethra. Another instrument called resectoscope is used to remove cancerous tissues for biopsy and destroy remaining cancer cells.
Why is TURBT done? The procedure is used to stage, diagnose and treat bladder cancer. During diagnosis, TURBT helps to examine the inside of the bladder to see if there are any cancer cells. Staging is the next step that determines cancers in the bladder walls, while treatment is the last phase of TURBT that involves removal of one or more tumours from the bladder.
Risks associated with TURBT include perforation in the bladder wall, bleeding, bladder infection, blockage of the urethra, blood in the urine, etc. You should refer to a doctor right away if you see any of these mentioned signs.
Take these following preparations before TURBT treatment:
Cancer may come back after the procedure, so repeated TURBT is required. However, be aware of the side effects of repeated TURBT that include scarring of the bladder, problems with controlling urination, etc.
Once the surgery is over, the surgeons place a catheter into the urethra to prevent blockage and stop bleeding. You are required to stay in the hospital for 1-4 days after the surgery. Once the bleeding stops, the catheter is removed. It is, however, normal to see blood in urine for up to 2-3 weeks after the surgery, but in case of heavy bleeding it should be reported to the doctor immediately. Avoid strenuous activities for a couple of weeks or more to ensure quicker recovery from TURBT procedure.