Radical Prostatectomy is generally done to remove prostate cancer by eliminating the prostate gland along with the surrounding tissues. The reasons for prostatectomy are prostate cancer or enlarged prostate. There are typically two types of Radical Prostatectomy procedures- partial and full Prostatectomy. Common side effects of prostate problems include urinary dysfunction, erectile dysfunction, bowel dysfunction, etc.
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Radical Prostatectomy is a surgical procedure to remove all or part of the prostate gland for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia or prostate cancer. The prostate gland is a significant organ of the reproductive system in men and is responsible for producing seminal fluid (semen) that carries sperms in it. Therefore, the prostate plays a very important role in both urinary and sexual functions.
A prostatectomy biopsy helps evaluate the diseased tissues and portions in the prostate gland in order to allow doctors determine the right treatment option. Cancer of the prostate is a serious condition and should be treated without delays. Treatment options for prostate cancer involve surgical intervention, transurethral resection of the prostate and laparoscopic surgery.
It should be noted that a radical prostatectomy surgery is meant to treat cancer inside the prostate that has not yet spread to the surrounding tissues and organs. The type of surgery for prostate cancer treatment depends upon the person's age and other medical health problems.
There are certain risks and complications associated with radical prostatectomy that should be reported to the doctor right away. Medical conditions like injury in the rectum, problems in controlling bowel movements, problems controlling urine, urethral structure and erection problems can be a cause of major concern and should be consulted with your doctor.
Before the treatment of radical prostatectomy, there are many preparations to be taken.
The surgery typically takes 2-4 hours to perform. There are two types of surgical approaches, radical prostatectomy (auprapubic approach) and radical prostatectomy (perineal approach). There are some common steps followed in both the techniques:
Radical Prostatectomy (suprapubic approach)
Radical Prostatectomy (perineal approach)
After the surgery, the sutures are closed and a sterile dressing is done on the wounded areas.
You are transferred to the recovery room where you are kept under observation to monitor your heartbeat, ECG (electrocardiogram), blood pressure, breathing rates, and your oxygen level. You are given pain medication in case of excessive pain at the surgical sites.
Gradually as your condition improves, you are given liquids to drink. Initially, liquid and soft foods are given, but this changed to solid foods eventually. The catheter, however, stays in place for 1-3 weeks after the surgery, after which it is removed.
Try to avoid heavy-duty tasks and strenuous activities as much as possible weeks and months after the surgery. The more you give time to heal, the faster is the recovery of radical prostatectomy. Do not drive or go to office until your doctor says so. If you notice any swelling, redness or pain at the wounded site or fever or chills, inform it to the doctor right away.