Hair transplantation is a procedure carried out in a person suffering from excessive hair loss. Hair transplant treatment involves removing hair follicles from a portion of the body (called donor site) and planting the same to a balding portion of the body (called recipient site). Graft containing hair follicles are collected that are resistant to balding and the same are then transplanted into those parts of the body that need hair growth. Hair transplantation is used for the restoration of eye brows, eyelashes, chest hair, beard hair, scalp hair, etc.
Hair transplant is a viable solution to control hair loss and eliminate baldness. The sheer purpose is to gain an attractive mane in both men and women by surgically removing a graft of hair from any other part of the body and transplanting the same in the bald area.
There are specifically two types of grafts used in hair transplantation:
The best candidates for hair transplant procedure involve men with male-pattern baldness, women with thinning hair and those who lost their hairs due to scalp injury or burning. However, hair transplant is not a suitable option for people suffering from a wide-spread pattern of hair loss throughout the scalp, having lack of ‘’donor’’ hair sites from where to remove hair, and having hair loss due to strong medications like chemotherapy.
You will continue to have hair in the transplanted area more or less dense depending upon your hair quality and calibre, hair curl, scalp laxity (whether your scalp skin is loose or not) and density of the hair follicles in the transplanted area. Along with hair transplant treatment, you should undergo a laser therapy, else you may continue experiencing hair loss in the non-treated scalp areas.
There are certain risks and complications associated with hair transplant surgery that you should be aware of. They include infections, bleeding, itching, swelling of the scalp, bruising around the eyes, lack of sensation or numbness in the scalp area, inflammation of the hair follicles, sudden hair loss in the transplanted area and so on.
A hair transplant procedure has various stages. The preparation for hair transplant phase is most important and it should be taken care of by following the below tips.
There are different types of hair transplant procedures – follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS), follicular unit transplantation (FUT), follicular unit extraction (FUE), etc. Whichever procedure is followed, you need to adhere to the following guidelines.
After the surgery, your scalp is swollen and sore and you may experience pain. You may need to take medications after the hair transplant surgery like painkillers, antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications for some time. The recovery of hair transplant surgery may take several days’ time.
After a few weeks, you may see the transplanted hair fall out. This is good since it makes way for new hairs to grow. It is possible to experience about 60 percent hair growth 6-9 months after the surgery. Along with this, you are prescribed certain medications that help to slow or prevent future hair loss.