Autologous bone marrow transplant uses a person’s own stem cells for transplantation in his/her body. The healthy stem cells collected are stored, frozen and later used for transplantation. The procedure involves replacing damaged stem cells that have been destroyed by high doses of chemotherapy. Autologous stem cell transplant is used for treating myeloma, lymphomas, and certain solid tumours.
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An autologous bone marrow transplant uses the person’s own stem cells for the transplantation procedure. The healthy stem cells are collected from the patient’s own body, stored and frozen to be later used in the same body. An autologous BMT transplant is meant to replace damaged stem cells from high dose of chemotherapy with healthy stem cells.
The treatment allows people to have a long-term control and a better chance of cure of the disease. There are a number of blood cancers that are treated with autologous transplants- myeloma and leukaemias lymphomas, testicular cancer, certain solid tumours, breast cancer, osteosarcoma, etc. Some people may have a singular autologous transplant, while others may have simultaneous transplants, over the duration of a few months.
The side effects of a BMT autologous transplant are due to the conditioning therapy that may cause long-term effects. A high-dose of the treatments may affect fertility and your ability to have a baby in the future. It may also cause earlier onset of menopause in women. Before BMT autologous treatment, you should discuss about the side effects with your doctor.
After the conditioning therapy, your blood count drops drastically. You are more susceptible to bleeding and infections during this time. You are likely to get platelet transfusions to minimize risk of bleeding. You may also be given red blood cell transfusions if the haemoglobin level is low. There are certain side effects of the conditioning therapy like vomiting and nausea.
After the treatment, when the blood count starts to rise you are allowed to go home. However, you will have to come to the hospital in order to let your doctor check your blood count and how you are progressing. It may take several months for your immune system to recover. The recovery of BMT autologous treatment varies from person to person that should be consulted with your doctor.